When we are talking about foreign trade, we are also talking about countless details and responsibilities. Therefore, rules were created for the entire process of loading and unloading of goods. And among them, the differentiation of zones (Primary and Secondary) that are part of the customs territory. However, there are advantages of the Secondary Zone that are worth highlighting.
Before, it is important to reinforce that this classification is the way used to control the transit of goods and restrict the places where imported goods or goods to be exported can circulate or be stored.
Decree 6.759/2009, of the Federal Government, establishes customs enclosures as areas in which it is possible to carry out handling, storage and dispatches of imported or exported goods.
And as we touched on above, these enclosures are divided into two zones.
These zones are part of the customs territory - the place where a country's customs authority operates, controlling foreign trade operations (import and export). It is a geographical territory with uniform customs regulations.
In Brazil, the Secondary Area comprises the part of the customs territory not considered as primary area, including territorial waters and airspace.
As Secondary Zone, we can cite the customs, inspectorates of the Federal Revenue or Federal Revenue delegations with sections/sectors/divisions of customs control.
Other examples are Dry Ports and Customs Stations of the Interior (EADI) which are customs enclosures of public use in which operations of handling, storage and customs clearance of goods and baggage are executed, with control done by the Federal Revenue Service.
1. COST REDUCTION:
Unlike the Primary Zones - which usually have limited space and charge very high prices for storage for short periods of time, the Secondary Zones have sufficient and adequate space for storage. As a consequence we have the cost reduction in the import process
2. LONG TERM STORAGE
Another advantage of the Secondary Zones is that your cargo can remain for up to 120 days at the Dry Port, which avoids that the goods are destined to be lost due to abandonment.
3. AGILITY IN CLEARANCE
In the Secondary Zone we verify a greater agility of the customs clearance, since it has a lower volume of cargo. Consequently, the waiting time is shorter, resulting in savings also with storage.
"It is estimated a reduction of up to 30% in costs when compared to seaports and up to 90% when compared to airports," Pedro de Souza, Operational Manager of the Pinho Group.
As we can see, the Secondary Zone is the best option to have more agility and economy.
But if your cargo is in the Primary Zone?
How do I transfer it to the Secondary Zone?
For removal from the Primary Zone to a Secondary Zone we can use two modalities: DTA and DTC.
This modality is used for the transfer of goods from a primary enclosure to a secondary enclosure, which may be within the same state or from one state to another, with suspension of taxes.
The registration is done by the carrier (previously registered with the Federal Revenue Service) directly in Siscomex Transit. The beginning of transit is granted by a tax auditor or technician of the Federal Revenue Service in the precinct of origin and completed by the same body in the precinct of destination.