Imports into Brazil, as a rule, are exempt from licensing, with only the importer to register the import declaration (DI) in Siscomex - Integrated System of Foreign Trade - when the goods arrive in the national territory. This is the rule, however, every rule has exception, is not it true?
Therefore, in some cases, the license must be requested prior to shipment of goods abroad. For this, the importer needs to consult the Siscomex to verify which administrative treatment adopted in a given operation. But, after all, what is the import licensing? Find out now everything you need to know about import licensing. Check it out!
The import licence or import permit is a document issued by Siscomex authorising the import of certain goods subject to such procedure. This document is also responsible for recording in the customs system information such as value, net weight, country of origin, taxation, manufacturer, exporter of the products, as well as other relevant information. In such cases, where licensing is required, the precedence may be automatic or non-automatic.
This is a specific authorization for cases where the import needs greater control by state agencies and therefore need to go through a previously stipulated procedure. For this reason, the granting of the license must be given before the goods are shipped abroad.
Although import licensing is not the rule, as said, there are cases where the importer will need to apply for authorisation. Among the goods subject to import licensing are, for example, food, medicines, toys, minerals and transport material.
The Law provides for penalties for the absence of import licensing, when this is required, as well as for the case where the request is granted after the shipment of goods abroad. In such situations, the Federal Revenue Service's Tax Auditor, in the act of conference, will apply the penalties provided.
To find out whether the goods to be imported are subject to the licence it is necessary to consult the Siscomex what administrative treatment has been adopted for the operation, which can be done by the importer or by a customs broker. The consultation can be done by the Siscomex Portal. For guidance purposes, the interested party can also consult the Consolidation of SECEX Ordinances on the site of the MDIC - Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade.
Once this has been done, if the goods require licensing, proper authorization must be requested. The license application will be analyzed by the licensing body, among which we can mention ANVISA, INMETRO and EXÉRCITO. The granting of the import is normally valid for 90 days from the date it was authorized.
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