Starting to work with importation requires, especially for beginners, the understanding of many concepts and steps that in some cases are complex.
Having a good knowledge of the rules and modalities of importation guarantee more security and less expenses with fines that could be avoided, that is why the customs broker is so important.
This post is for those who want to start operating with Foreign Trade, but do not yet know the basic concepts of importing.
To operate Foreign Trade, naturally the company needs to have an active CNPJ and all the listed economic natures.
With all this in order, the first thing to do is to enable your company in the Radar of Siscomex with the IRS and indicate in which mode the company fits.
NOTE: For export there is no limit. In any mode you can already export without having a minimum or maximum value.
The Radar Limited and Unlimited, preliminary can be obtained in the same way as the Express, in a process made directly on the website of the IRS.
If the RFB does not release the Radar automatically, there is a specific procedure where a series of documents and a real proof of the availability of credit in the current account of the company are required, as well as the composition of the company.
As it has a series of requests, this process should be done with a follow-up and advice from a Customs Broker.
After qualifying the company on Radar, the next step is to qualify the legal representative, the customs broker. This is also done in the IRS system.
Some details make all the difference to avoid your goods to be stopped at the port or airport, only being allowed to be released after the payment of a fine.
To know the import rate and if the goods have restrictive treatment at Anvisa, Ibama, Inmetro, for example, you must know how to classify your goods fiscally.
For this purpose, the Harmonized System (HS) , a customs nomenclature, used internationally as a standardized system for coding and classifying import and export products, developed and maintained by the World Customs Organization (WCO), was created.
The same commodity is known by a single international code worldwide.
The HS nomenclature is composed of six digits, e.g. 0103.91 - Live Animals of the porcine species others weighing less than 50 kg.
The first two digits(01 in this example) represent the chapter in which the goods have been classified, i.e. Live Animals.
The third and fourth digits(03 in this example) represent the position within the corresponding chapter of the goods, in this case Live Animals of the Swine Species.
The fifth digit(9 in this example) relates to a single subheading or to a 1st level subheading, i.e., Others.
The sixth digit(1 in this example) relates to a compound or second level subheading, i.e., one weighing less than 50 kg.
The Import License is the authorization for your goods to enter Brazil.
To import raw material for medicine production, besides the company and the product being registered at Anvisa, it is necessary to request the Import License for each batch of raw material.
Some goods are exempt from import licensing, but if this is not the case, it can have two treatments: Automatic Licensing or Non-Automatic Licensing
Automatic Licensing vs Non-Automatic Licensing:
Where Import Licensing registration is usually for statistical purposes only, without many difficulties for authorization.
Performing the shipment of goods abroad. Therefore, always consult the customs broker so that the licensing is authorized before the date of shipment.
According to art. 706 of the Customs Regulation, to register an import declaration without the Non-Automatic Import License, the person responsible will have to pay a fine of 30% of the value of the goods.
At the time of the purchase and sale contract you must indicate who will be responsible for transport and insurance until the arrival of the goods at the shipping point here in Brazil. And it is the Incoterms that classify these obligations.
The buyer is responsible for picking up the goods at the factory door. In other words, the buyer is responsible for hiring the carrier, insurance and all import costs.
The seller is responsible for placing the goods in the port or on board the vessel. From then on, the costs of international freight and insurance are the buyer's.
The seller bears all transport and insurance costs to the port of destination.
GET THE COURSE RIGHT NOW: Basic Import Concepts of the Pine Academy.
IN 3 MODULES YOU WILL LEARN:
Have in your curriculum the certificate of Pinho, a company that for over 80 years offers excellence in logistics and now also aims to share all the knowledge with professionals who want to act and learn about Foreign Trade.