The Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) program was created in 2005 in Brussels, but had its first phase implemented in Brazil in 2005. The initial objective of the OAS was the integration between customs and all those involved in global trade to achieve cooperation, consultation and communication.
Cooperation: Aims at assistance between certified actors for the facilitation of operations;
Communication: Aims at understanding and trust between the parties;
Consultation: Aims at the exchange of information between stakeholders - always respecting the confidentiality of operations.
The program is a collaboration between the public and private sectors, while the IRS and society gain more control to verify criminal actions in the global trade chain. Certified actors should receive more agility, simplification and de-bureaucratization in the flow of their processes.
In addition, countries using this certification have international recognition of good practice.
Participation must be on a voluntary basis, but the company that chooses not to be bound in the OAS will not be able to enjoy the benefits.
The foreign trade actors who may participate are: importer, exporter, carrier, cargo agent, customs precinct, port and airport operator.
In October 2018, the RFB revoked the Normative Instruction and Customs Brokers were excluded from the OAS Program, so their certification is no longer possible.
In order for any of the above mentioned actors to acquire the Authorized Economic Operator certification, it is necessary to prove excellence in Foreign Trade operations.
Certifications are divided into different levels, so they are granted as follows:
Below is the table available from RFBR, where it is possible to analyze which stakeholders can enjoy certain benefits:
It is important to note that in an operation, the more players are certified in the OAS, the more benefits there will be for the operation as a whole.
The certification process of a company at OEA consists of risk management in some stages:
1- Know the risks;
2- Fight the risks;
3- Monitor the work processes;
In this way, the Federal Revenue Service will analyze all the operational procedures of the company that requests the certification, which must prove its working methods.
To request the application it is necessary to access the area "OEA Certification" in SISCOMEX and click on the option Legal Responsible, where the first access should occur by e-CPF.
Next, identify the CNPJ of the company that will act in the logistic chain and click on Application
In the application must be added which modality (level) the company wants to participate, what type of actor the company is, and the CNPJ of the company's headquarters.
After sending the application, the company must select the science in the term of commitment, which concerns the transparency that the operator must have before RFBR.
If the application is approved, there are still eligibility criteria that must be proven, and finally a face-to-face evaluation with RFBR employees who interview the company's employees, present the OEA plan and evaluate the company's risk management measures.
The OAS is a program that will bring long-term benefits, it is important to have this certificate to prove the suitability of Foreign Trade operations and enjoy the benefits already available by the program.