Reducing costs, having more adequate purchase and sale contracts, optimizing time and ensuring more security for the goods are some of the advantages of the Multimodal Transport System.
But what is that system?
First of all, it is necessary to understand what is necessary for Multimodalism to be formed:
The Multimodal Freight Transport System is one that, governed by a single contract, uses two or more modes of transport, from the origin to the destination, and is executed under the sole responsibility of a Multimodal Transport Operator.
According to Law 9.611/98, Art. 2, the Multimodal Transport of Loads has some characteristics when it is done in a National or International way:
By reading the legal text, it is understood that the formation of Multimodalism requires the figure of an OTM - Multimodal Transport Operator with the function of managing a handling system that includes at least two or more modes of transport from origin to destination.
Example: The object leaves its origin by air transport, then goes by road transport, arriving at its destination via rail transport.
In addition to this basic transportation obligation itself, it must also include other operations such as collection, loading/unloading, unitization/desunitization, storage and also optional operations such as consolidation/deconsolidation of cargoes from origin to destination.
All these operations require a high degree of complexity that makes it depart from the legal definition of transportation expressed in the 2002 Civil Code:
Art. 730. By the contract of carriage one undertakes, in return for payment, to transport from one place to another persons or things.
Since the Law defines transportation as the function of moving people and things, for a fee, from one place to another, it is concluded that, as soon as the person or cargo reaches its destination, the contract of transportation is extinguished.
This is the case of the contracted transport where the active agent (person or cargo) arrives on his account or means to the point of embarkation in the transporting vehicle to descend from him at the point of destination, without any other means (loading/unloading) being added to the price of the adjusted tariff.
For this operation to happen in an organized way, it is necessary to have a transport modal that is used from:
It is clear that even uncontracted loading and unloading operations will be outside the scope of the operation and the legal definition.
Any other type of intervention added to this transport will transform the object of the operation from simple transportation to a logistical operation (route planning, loading, unloading, use of cranes, elevators, storage, transshipment, consolidation, deconsolidation, etc.), which soon requires management of systematic activities distinct from simple transportation.
Only a system with a well-defined purpose and value is capable of managing the sequence of activities that go beyond simply transporting people or things from one point to another.
So, every SYSTEM has to be formed around an objective (END) and carry in its essence the objective of generating VALUE to the user, emphasizing that this value should be so attractive that the contractor opts for the Multimodal System, instead of isolated transport.
Briefly, MULTIMODALISM is:
Logistics is a term of Greek origin and includes in its definition accounting (value) and organization (End).
Logistics also comes from the French "logistique" , which means an art that deals with the planning (end) and realization (value) of several projects, widely used during the wars.
The Delta formed in the center of the triangle reveals the best possible operation (VALUE) for a logistic operation to reach its END in the most feasible and beneficial way, within the real and specific operational circumstances of the situation.
Delta Logístico expresses the operation that comes closest to the ideal of all the basic requirements of a systemic operation of movement and transport, of people and things, from origin to destination.
So it's called the Logistics Delta.
It challenges human intelligence to create tools (load units) and plans that will help it achieve this great common goal.
The focus is always on achieving logistics efficiency. From the gathering of grains in bags, liquids in barrels, dry & wet in barrels, uniform boxes in Pallets, chemicals in Big Bags, among others, to the advent of the Container.
IMPORTANT: Rarely does greater speed of operation translate into lower price and much less that it leads to greater safety or that it is not reflected in other items.
The search for the Logistics Delta is to find the right balance for each operation, which will never be the same in travel comparisons with different origins, destinations and cargo.
Article by: Savio Ferreira de Souza - President of the Pinho Group.