The day to day of those who work with import and export is full of small decisions that are directly related to the cost of the whole process - for more or for less. And one of the definitions is the choice of the types of packaging and storage of products.
In this post, you will learn what the various ways of packaging a product are and also the storage possibilities for transportation.
Applied on bottles, jars and pots, consisting of a heat shrinkable film sleeve (which allows it to adapt to the shape of the primary packaging after its exposure to heat: bottle, pot, etc.) this first decorated film allows the company to have the largest communication channel with its consumers. This type of packaging has already been adopted by large companies for all kinds of products, mainly dairy and soft drink industries.
It is a type of protection traditionally used by moving companies. Ideal for packing irregularly shaped products.
Padding packaging is adopted by companies providing special transport services without boxes. The advantages are the absence of any packaging materials and their waste, reduced cubage and greater ease when unpacking products.
Returnable packaging has always been a part of logistics systems. Such packaging is usually made of steel or plastic. The decision to invest in a returnable packaging system requires studying the number of shipment cycles and transportation costs versus the costs of purchasing and disposing of non-returnable packaging, as well as the future costs of separating, tracking and cleaning packaging for reuse.
Pallets can be made of wood, plastic and refrigerated. Pallets require large investments, because if poorly constructed they can fall apart and cause damage to products. There are studies to improve plastic and refrigerated pallets, since these pallets have the same functions as the old wooden pallets, differing from these by having a longer life and being more resistant.
Vacuum packaging, performed by placing a film over the unitised load of secondary packaging. This film is heat shrunk to make the packages adhere to the platform as a single volume.
Also vacuum packed. It is performed by wrapping cargo around a stretched plastic film, rotating the cargo and wrapping it around the film, resulting in a single, pressure-packed cargo.
After knowing the type, check the ways in which the packages can be transported.
Leasing of a set of goods in a single unit with standardised dimensions. This facilitates storage and cargo handling operations in a mechanised manner.
Unitization combines goods from multiple customers into one truck or container, if shipping or intermodal, to avoid a trip with half a load of products for a single customer.
In the warehouse, unitization of goods is applied as part of different operations in the receipt, storage, order preparation and dispatch of goods.
Use of wooden platform or platform intended to support the load, secured by means of straps, or not, allowing its mechanical handling with the use of forks, forklifts or mechanical cranes specific for this purpose.
As it obeys standards, the crane has the freedom to move the pallet by two or four sides with its forks, still allowing the load to be palletized, wrapped in transparent PVC film.
Suitable for use in wholesale, industry and retail companies.
Mariner Sling is a flexible strap of textile material, with connection between the extremities, forming four loops and a bottom quadrilateral, used in the hoisting and movement of sacks.
They follow standardized dimensions, counting with special stitching and reinforced base.
These straps can follow the cargo to the destination or just to the place where the products will be stored and transported, and then removed.
Very economical, easy to handle, transport and store, these packages are used to transport or store any type of product. They are produced from highly resistant compounds, such as polypropylene and polyethylene. They also have protection against UV rays.
*Big Bags are an option to bags.
Load placement in container, providing transport safety, allowing easy loading and unloading.
Method suitable for mechanical handling and transportation by various equipment.
The options for use are containers from 20 to 40 feet, with a specific classification for each type of cargo.
Used for heavy cargo - such as machinery and equipment that is larger than the dimensions of the container door and is placed on top, or for goods that cannot be fully enclosed.
Often the roof is covered with canvas while being supported by steel bars. However, depending on the height of the cargo, it is not possible to have this type of artifice, leaving the roof completely free.
The main products transported in this type of container are wheat and cement.
Developed with the purpose of transporting products sensitive to temperature variation.
It is used mainly by large supermarket chains in the transportation of cold and frozen items, thus avoiding the need for refrigerated trucks.
As it has air inlets and outlets distributed in its structure, it prevents air condensation inside.
Used for transporting fruits, vegetables, manufactured goods and live animals, for example.
Used for dry cargo. It is the traditional container, also called dry container.
Used for liquid bulk cargoes.
Used for cereals, powders, flours and sugar.
As you can see, there are many variables when it comes to choosing which packaging and how your product will be transported.