The Coronavirus has caused social isolation on all continents, but at the same time has united nations with the same concerns. The World Health Organization (WHO) is composed of health experts from more than 150 countries and today is the highest authority to monitor and help countries maintain their public health during the OVID-19 outbreak.
The solution to this affliction, which various countries are experiencing today, depends on the international collaboration of one nation with the others. In these hours we recognize foreign trade and international relations in their fundamental state, that is, we visualize the needs that countries have before others and how a given nation behaves in the face of this.
With the demand for hospital medical products overheated, it was possible to identify conducts from different countries. Europe ignored sanctions imposed and exported to countries that need products. India tried to bar products with Hydroxychloroquine and the Brazilian government tried a diplomatic relationship in negotiating the products. The United States bought as many respirators and materials as possible, leaving other countries in need. China cancelled orders from Brazil, France and Canada to supply the North American country.
"We hope that China will have a more organized production again, and we hope that the countries that exercise their very strong purchasing power have already satiated their needs so that Brazil can enter and buy the part to protect our people". - Health Minister - Luiz Henrique Mandetta
The minister also concluded in his speech that he hopes that "the world will never again commit to the inattention of making 95% of the production of inputs that decide the lives of people in a single country".
The Brazilian government and consenting agencies are collaborating to facilitate the entry of medical products into the country and ensure the necessary care for the population. Currently, Brazilian exporters and importers face not only tariff barriers, but also bureaucratic ones when negotiating the purchase and sale of products. This article will address tariff and non-tariff barrier reductions so that Brazil can meet its demand for products that guarantee the quality of the work of health professionals and the vitality of the population.
Thinking about the scarcity of respiratory equipment in Brazil, the Brazilian government prohibited the export of lung ventilators and requested all national production of the equipment, making the production of the respirator industry need authorization from the Ministry to be sold, even to national health agencies.
On March 17 (RDC No. 348/20202), the official gazette of the union states that the registration of medicines can be declared in this resolution, when the specific therapeutic indication for prevention or treatment of the disease caused by the new Coronavirus is configured, or the availability is threatened by imminent or installed shortages in the national market motivated by reasons demonstrably linked to the new Coronavirus.
On March 23 (RDC N366/2020), there was a resolution in the official gazette, which provides, in an extraordinary and temporary way, on the requirements for the manufacture, import and acquisition of medical devices identified as priorities for use in health services.
The resolution states that for 180 days, the manufacture and import of materials used to combat the coronavirus are exempt from Company Authorization, notification to Anvisa, as well as other health authorizations.
The materials are: surgical masks, laboratory supplies, respirators, goggles, face shield, disposable hospital clothing (waterproof and non-waterproof aprons/coats), caps and bibs, valves, circuits, disinfectants and respiratory connections.
In addition, on March 18, the Federal Revenue Secretariat issued new rules to simplify and expedite the customs clearance of imported goods destined to combat COVID-19. The measure to facilitate the dispatch aims even more agility for OAS agents (Authorized Economic Operator), as is the case of Pinho International Logistics.
"The measure aims to maintain a rapid flow of supply of goods, commodities and raw materials to combat the pandemic, as well as to avoid bottlenecks in the customs precincts by speeding up the delivery of cargo" - Inland Revenue.
On March 17, the Minister of Economy announced that the Chamber of Foreign Trade has zeroed the taxes on the 50 goods belonging to the classes of medicines, hygiene products, sanitizers and finished medical products, their parts and pieces to the fight against the new Coronavirus. Some equipment, such as gloves, reached an aliquot of 35%.
The zero aliquot materials are: gloves, alcohol gel, masks, clinical thermometers, protective clothing against infectious agents, safety glasses, breathing equipment, compressors, medical clothing, sponges, among others.