1 - Concept / Definitions / Procedures
All raw wood used as packaging and/or support for goods imported or exported from Brazil must meet the inspection and certification procedures established in IN MAPA 32/2015.
The inspection procedures meet the guidelines of the International Standard for Sanitary Measures No. 15 - NIMF 15.
International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is an International Phytosanitary Measure developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that directly addresses the need to treat wood materials over 6mm thick used to send products between countries.
Its main objective is to prevent the international transport and spread of diseases and insects that may negatively affect plants or ecosystems. ISPM 15 affects all wood packaging materials (pallets, crates, shelves, etc.), requiring them to be peeled and then heat-treated or fumigated with methyl bromide and stamped or marked with a mark of conformity.
This mark of conformity is colloquially known as the "wheat seal". ISPM 15 exempt products are made of an alternative material such as paper, plastic or wood panel products (i.e. OSB, plywood and plywood).
The common types of packaging which must comply with the conditions of MFN 15:
- Boxes, crates, cages, spools, reels;
- Pallets, platforms, load platforms, stowage wood, supports, pedestals, ballast, stanchions, blocks, shims, stowage wood, clamping or splitting wood, angles and slats.
Packages considered to be of low risk, excluded from the provisions of the Normative:
- Wooden packages and supports made entirely of wood with a thickness of six millimetres or less;
- Wooden packages and supports made entirely of processed wood, such as plywood, chipboard and wood laminates, produced using glue, heat, pressure or a combination thereof;
- Barrels for wine and alcoholic beverages, which were heated during manufacturing;
- Gift boxes for wines, cigars and other basic products made of processed or manufactured wood in such a way as to make them incapable of conveying plague;
- Sawdust, chips, shavings, wood chips and wood wool, when used as packaging or support; and
- Wooden components permanently attached to cargo vehicles and containers used for the transport of goods.
Note: It is important to note that often the processed wood packaging has its feet (skids) made of raw wood, in which case it must respect the conditions of IN 32/2015.
2 - PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATION
It is the exporter's responsibility to meet the requirements of importing countries regarding the use of packaging and wooden supports intended for packing goods in international transit.
For exports to the countries that have internalized NIMF 15, wooden packages and supports must receive treatment performed by a company authorized by MAPA and be identified with the IPPC mark.
For exports to countries that have not internalized NIMF 15, the exporter must submit to MAPA the official phytosanitary requirements required by the importing country for packaging and wooden supports, for phytosanitary certification purposes, provided that they can be met.