Since its discovery, maritime transport has always been considered one of the most important means of intercontinental freight transport. Due to its great capacity, the countries that first invested in the development of port logistics have gone ahead and conquered many riches and discovered unexplored lands.
Even after so many centuries port logistics has not been extinguished or replaced by other means, as is the case with many inventions, but it has been optimized and evolved significantly. The volume of cargo handled by this route represents about 75% of everything that is transported in the world. Check below some interesting information about this logistics modality.
The Ports Act created in 2013 established a uniformity in the procedures and requirements of the sector. Until the law was created there was no centralized organization or planning, and each port authority was responsible for managing its operation individually.
The normatization allowed the creation of conditions for the adequacy and standardization of Brazilian ports, in order to make the development of the sector feasible. The body responsible for planning port guidelines is the Secretariat of Ports.
After being established as a regulatory body, the first action of the Ports Secretariat was the creation of a National Port Logistics Plan, in order to guide decision making and stimulate goals to be achieved with investments from public authorities.
Through the monitoring performed by the agency, six reports are prepared that guide the actions headed by the sector as performance improvement goals: infrastructure, superstructure and operations, logistics and hinterland, economy and finance, management, and environment.
Advantages: the ships have greater capacity to transport volumes of cargo far above the other means available, which ends up making its cost also lower than other modals.
Disadvantages: there is not much flexibility with regard to cargoes, and due to their weight ships move at low speeds, which generates much delay; there are not many port alternatives, which increases the distance from the distribution centers; the release process is bureaucratic and time-consuming in some cases.
Before importing any product it is important to make sure that all the previous steps have been or can be perfectly completed in order to avoid any problems in the process of releasing the goods.
The Importation Guide - step by step, published by Fiocruz, lists each one of these steps in detail, and it can be very useful to consult it and clarify any doubts about the importation process. In the guide you will check it out:
Port of Santos/SP: cargoes in all sector categories are handled at this port, generating a trade flow of U$ 65 billion per year.
Port of Paranaguá/PR: it has relations with at least 10 Brazilian states and the sectors prioritized in it are: agro-industry and wood, transportation material, food and beverages, chemical industry and mechanical industry.
Now that you have important information about port logistics, be sure to read our article: "Practical guide: 6 steps on how to start importing". It will help you to better understand the import process!